Benito Mussolini, seen here on the occasion of the March on Rome, was named after Mexican modernizer Benito Juarez. The influence would come full circle when Fascism found its way to Mexico.
Mussolini’s March on Rome in October 1922 produced an echo of lockstep boots that resounded around the entire world. Hitler most famously took inspiration in building the National Socialist German Workers Party and organizing the failed Beer Hall Putsch of 1923. A less notable impact of Mussolini’s coup was the formation, in November 1922, of the short-lived Partido Fascista Mexicano, led by film producer and director Gustavo Saenz de Sicilia. The group, which at its peak claimed 150,000 followers, is described as follows in Mallett and Sorensen’s International Fascism, 1919-45:
The programme of the new party made reference to the middle classes as victims of capital and the labor movement. It also advocated freedom within the…
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